Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

NAFLD — sometimes referred to as a “fatty liver” — occurs when more than 5 percent of the liver’s total weight is made up of fatty tissue. Excessive fat in the liver can lead to scarring, which may increase the risk of liver cancer or liver failure. People with NAFLD are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, and people with type 2 diabetes are more likely to develop NAFLD.  An estimated 70 percent of people with type 2 diabetes also have a fatty liver. Obesity is also a major risk factor for NAFLD.

Globally, one in four people live with the disease, which results when there is buildup of extra fat in liver cells that is not caused by alcohol. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is now the most common form of chronic liver disease.